Written and oral forms of the Ashkenazi traditional music culture


The structure of the traditional Ashkenazi music culture differs radically from the music of other Europeans. For many generations of Jews the primary text was not oral, but the written one. Yiddish folklore was formed against a background of the firm written tradition. It was not precede of this tradition but was based on and in­teracted with it.
There are different aims, forms of notations and correlation of stable and mobile elements of the music inside and outside of the religious community. The criteria of safe keeping ore convertibility of the text are also not the same.
The New Jewish composer school strengthened not the old forms of music but cre­ated the new tradition partly connected with its roots.
The author of the article demonstrates the example of a song fixed in score, film and records but persists in oral form.