“Digital Keys” for the Third Decade of the 21th Century: New Anchors and Values in the Perception and Application of Digital Sound


This article deals with the perception of the features and sound capabilities of modern digital keyboards and their emulators (in mobile applications). For the first time, an attempt is made to consider the issues of quality and technical specifics of sound in relation to how the system of cultural values and beliefs of professional and non-professional musicians was reflected in relation to digital sound. Much attention is paid to methodological and practical recommendations on the use of digital instruments in music pedagogy, especially in the context of online teaching of musical and theoretical disciplines in music schools, colleges and universities.

  1. Karaseva, Marina V. 2016. “‘Dopolnennaya real’nost’’ v rabote pedagoga-muzykanta [Augmented Reality in Musician’s Pedagogical Activity].” Nauchnyy vestnik Moskovskoy konservatorii / Journal of Moscow Conservatory 7, no. 2: 141–83. (In Russian). https://doi.org/10.26176/mosconsv.2016.25.2.06
  2. Karaseva, Marina V. 2022. Muzyka na dva golosa. Dvukhgolosnye etyudy dlya peniya, igry i zapisi muzykal’nogo diktanta [Music for Two Voices. Two-Part Etudes for Singing, Playing and Recording Musical Dictation]. 2nd ed. Saint-Petersburg: Planeta muzyki, 2022. (In Russian). https://e.lanbook.com/book/182106 (accessed February 19, 2022).
  3. Karaseva, Marina V. 2020. “Music Teacher Online: Problems and Solutions.” Nauchnyy vestnik Moskovskoy konservatorii / Journal of Moscow Conservatory 11, no. 2 (June): 22–65. (In Russian). https://doi.org/10.26176/mosconsv.2020.41.2.002.
  4. Karaseva, Marina V. 2017. “Etnicheskoe sol’fedzhio tsifrovogo veka [Ethnic Ear-Training of the Digital Century].” Zhurnal Obshchestva teorii muzyki [Journal of the Society for Music Theory], no. 4/2017 (20), 61–83. (In Russian). http://eng.journal-otmroo.ru/sites/eng.journal-otmroo.ru/files/2017_4%2820%29_4_Karaseva_Ethnic_ear.pdf (accessed February 19, 2022).
  5. Smirnov, Andrey I. 2021. V poiskakh poteryannogo zvuka. Eksperimental’naya zvukovaya kul’tura Rossii i SSSR pervoy poloviny 20 veka [In Search of the Lost Sound. Experimental Sound Culture of Russia and USSR in the First Half of the 20th Century]. Moscow: Muzey sovremennogo iskusstva “Garazh”. (In Russian).
  6. Boettcher, Judith V., and Rita-Marie Conrad. 2021. The Online Teaching Survival Guide: Simple and Practical Pedagogical Tips. 3rd ed. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
  7. Bowman, Judith V. 2022. The Music Professor Online. New York: Oxford University Press.
  8. Dorfman, Jay. 2021. Theory and Practice of Technology-Based Music Instruction. New York: Oxford University Press.
  9. Karaseva, Marina V. 2021. “On the Auditory Perception of Computer Transformations in Digital Piano Music (Illustrated by Ivan Soshinsky’s Cycle ‘Kinder Perpetuums’).” Nauchnyy vestnik Moskovskoy konservatorii / Journal of Moscow Conservatory 12, no. 4 (December): 174–87. https://doi.org/10.26176/mosconsv.2021.47.4.09.